Six Trait Assessment for Beginning Writers


Printer Friendly Version

EXPERIMENTING EMERGING DEVELOPING CAPABLE EXPERIENCED
IDEAS
Uses scribbles for writing
Dictates labels or a story
Shapes that look like letters
Line forms that imitate text
Write letters randomly
IDEAS
Some recognizable words present
Labels pictures
Uses drawings that show detail
Pictures are supported by some words
IDEAS
Attempts a story or to make a point
Illustration supports the writing
Meaning of the general idea
Some ideas clear but some are still fuzzy
IDEAS
Writing tells a story or makes a point
Illustration (if present) enhances the writing
Idea is generally on topic
Details are present but not developed (lists)

 
IDEAS
Presents a fresh/original idea
Topic is narrowed and focused
Develops one clear, main idea
Uses interesting, important details for support
Writer understands topic well
ORGANIZATION
Attempts to write left to right
Attempts to write top/down
No sense of beginning and end yet
Experiments with spacing
ORGANIZATION
Consistently writes left to right
Consistently uses top/down
Experiments with beginnings
Begins to group like words/pictures
ORGANIZATION
A title is present
Limited transitions present
Beginning but no ending except "The End"
Attempts at sequencing
ORGANIZATION
An appropriate title is present
Attempts transitions from sentence to sentence
Beginning works well and attempts an ending
Logical sequencing
Key ideas begin to surface
ORGANIZATION
An original title is present
Transitions connect main ideas
The opening attracts
An effective ending is tried
Easy to follow
Important ideas stand out
VOICE
Communicates feelings with color, shape, line in drawing
Work is similar to everyone else's
Ambiguous response to task
Awareness of audience not present
VOICE
Hints of voice present in words and phrases
Looks different from most others
Energy/mood is present
Treatment of topic predictable
Audience is fuzzy-could be anybody, anywhere
VOICE
Expresses some predictable feelings
Moments of individual sparkle, but then hides
Repetition of familiar ideas reduces energy
Awareness that the writing will be read by someone else
Reader has limited connection to writer
VOICE
Writing is individual and expressive
Individual perspective becomes evident
Personal treatment of a standard topic
Writes to convey a story or idea to the reader
Attempts non-standard point of view
VOICE
Uses text to elicit a variety of emotions
Takes some risks to say more that what is expected
Point of view is evident
Writes with a clear sense of audience
Cares deeply about the topic
WORD CHOICE
Writes letters in strings
Imitates word patterns
Pictures stand for words and phrases
Copies environmental print
WORD CHOICE
Recognizable words
Environmental words used correctly
Attempts at phrases
Functional language
WORD CHOICE
General or ordinary words
Attempts new words but they don't always fit
Settles for the word or phrase that "will do"
Big words used only to impress readers
Relies on slang, clichés, or repetition
WORD CHOICE
Uses favorite words correctly
Experiments with new and different words with some success
Tries to choose words for specificity
Attempts to use descriptive words to create images
WORD CHOICE
Everyday words used well
Precise, accurate, fresh, original words
Creates vivid images in a natural way
Avoids repetition, clichés, or vague language
Attempts at figurative language
SENTENCE FLUENCY
Mimics letters and words across the page
Words stand alone
Patterns for sentences not in evidence
Sentence sense not yet present
SENTENCE FLUENCY
Strings words together into phrases
Attempts simple sentences
Short, repetitive sentence patterns
Dialogue present but not understandable
SENTENCE FLUENCY
Uses simple sentences
Sentences tend to begin the same
Experiments with other sentence patterns
Reader may have to reread to follow the meaning
Dialogue present but needs interpretation
SENTENCE FLUENCY
Simple and compound sentences present and effective
Attempts complex sentences
Not all sentences begin the same
Sections of writing have rhythm and flow
SENTENCE FLUENCY
Consistently uses sentence variety
Sentence structure is correct and creative
Variety of sentence beginnings
Natural rhythm, cadence, and flow
Sentences have texture that clarify the important idea
CONVENTIONS
Writes letter strings (prephonetic: dmRxzz)
Attempts to create standard letters
Writes word strings
Attempts spacing of words, letters, symbols, or pictures
Student interpretation needed to understand text/pictures
CONVENTIONS
Attempts semi-phonetic spelling (MTR, UM, KD, etc.)
Uses mixed upper and lower case letters
Uses spaces between letters and words
Random punctuation
Nonstandard grammar is common
CONVENTIONS
Uses phonetic spelling (MOSTR, HUMN, KLOSD, etc.) on personal words
Spelling of high frequency words still spotty
Uses capitals at the beginning of sentences
Usually uses end punctuation correctly (.!?)
Experiments with other punctuation
Long paper may be written as one paragraph
Attempts standard grammar
CONVENTIONS
Transitional spelling on less frequent words (MONSTUR, HUMUN, CLOSSED, etc.)
Spelling of high frequency words usually correct
Capitals at the beginning of sentences and variable use on proper nouns
End punctuation is correct (.!?) and other punctuation is attempted (such as commas)
Paragraphing variable but present
Noun/pronoun agreement, verb tenses, subject/verb agreement
CONVENTIONS
High frequency words are spelled correctly and very close on other words
Capitals used for obvious proper nouns as well as sentence beginnings
Basic punctuation is used correctly and/or creatively
Indents consistently to show paragraphs
Shows control over standard grammar